28 April 2014
The Environmental Protection Agency's decision to retroactively withdraw a permit in West Virginia could end up having repercussions in Alaska, as some in Congress now seek to change the 42-year-old Clean Water Act that gave EPA the right to do so -- and which they say has given the agency too much authority.
In February, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency initiated a 404(c) process under the Clean Water Act seeking to limit or restrict development at the Pebble deposit in Bristol Bay. While the process is underway, no permits can be issued for the proposed Pebble mine. The Clean Water Act is clear that EPA has authority to step in with 404(c) action at any time: before, during or even after the permitting process, "whenever it determines...that use of such sites for disposal would have an unacceptable adverse impact on one or more of various resources, including fisheries, wildlife, municipal water supplies, or recreational areas."
But when, in 2011, EPA exercised this authority to revoke a Section 404 permit that had been issued to a coal company four years earlier, the action spurred Senators David Vitter (R-LA) and Joe Manchin (D-WV) to try and change the language of the Clean Water Act. They want to limit the timeframe during which the agency can pursue 404(c) action. In a letter sent to EPA, Vitter and Manchin referenced the case of the Mingo Logan Coal Company, which had received a Section 404 permit in 2007, only to have it revoked by EPA in 2011 after a 404(c) process.
In March 2014, Vitter and Manchin introduced Senate Bill 2156, also called the "Regulatory Fairness Act," which would prohibit EPA from "preemptive or retroactively vetoing a permit under Section 404 of the Act." Manchin said "it is simply common sense to allow companies that already have been granted permits to continue the work they have started," while Vitter said that the legislation is "necessary to protect the system and distinctly state what the EPA can and cannot do." Senators Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Mitch McConnell (R-KY) and James Risch (R-ID) have since signed on as co-sponsors.
In Alaska, the Regulatory Fairness Act could have an impact on the 404(c) process that is currently underway in the Bristol Bay area. EPA's action in this case began before Pebble mine developers submitted a mine plan or permit application. EPA's actions were a topic of discussion at the recent Alaska Miners Assocation annual meeting in Fairbanks, according to this article from Petroleum News.
This story from KTUU gives an overview of SB 2156, including comments from Senator Murkowski and Bristol Bay business owner Brian Kraft.
This Cordova Times article details some of the opposition the legislation faces from local sportsman groups.
07 April 2014
Mining giant Rio Tinto has donated its 19.1 percent share in Canadian-based Northern Dynasty Minerals to two Alaska groups: the Alaska Community Foundation and the Bristol Bay Native Corporation Education Foundation. In December 2013, Rio Tinto announced a strategic review of its investment in Northern Dynasty, after pressure to divest came from administrators of two large pension funds in California and New York City that have substantial shares in Rio Tinto.
Rio Tinto's share of Northern Dynasty will be divided equally between the two charities, representing the first time local organizations have held any financial interest in the Pebble prospect. Chief executive Jean-Sebastien Jacques stated that giving the shares ensured that "Alaskans will have a say in Pebble's future development, and that any economic benefit supports Alaska's ability to attract investment that creates jobs."
How this ownership interest will affect development of the proposed Pebble mine is yet to be understood. Northern Dynasty Minerals CEO Ron Thiessen said in a press release that he looks forward to meeting the leadership of the two groups to "better understand their long-term goals and aspirations, and how their ownership interest in Northern Dynasty and the Pebble Project can make the greatest possible contribution to the people and communities they serve."
The Alaska Community Foundation mission is to "cultivate, celebrate and sustain all forms of philanthropy to strengthen Alaska's communities forever." Since 2008, it has administered the Pebble Fund, a grant-funded initiative by the Pebble Limited Partnership to invest up to $5 million toward programs that would "enhance the health of Bristol Bay fisheries and contribute to a sustainable economic future in southwest Alaska."
Bristol Bay Native Corporation Education Foundation is a nonprofit organization providing higher and vocational education scholarships to shareholders of Bristol Bay Native Corporation (BBNC) as part of its mission to "provide support for an encourage shareholders to pursue educational opportunities and to promote and preserve cultural heritage." The Education Foundation is organizationally separate from BBNC, which has a stated position opposing the development of Pebble mine.
Rio Tinto donates Pebble shares (Bristol Bay Times, April 11, 2014)
Powerful funds urge Rio Tinto to cut and run from Pebble (Alaska Dispatch, December 20, 2013)
Following lead of Anglo-American, Rio Tinto leaves Pebble project (Alaska Dispatch, April 7, 2014)